Assumptions


Topic 1
  • Behavior is biologically determined

Topic 2
  • relative importance of inherited disposition (examining innate and environmental influences through a study of intelligence - both are important, the biological perspective simply places more emphasis on nature rather than nurture)

Topic 3
  • relevance of animal research (reductionist issues and ethical issues)


Topic 2 - Intelligence


"...genes determine a potential for a characteristic...Along the way, other factors, including environmental influences may intervene..." (Glassman & Hadad, p. 87)

Review the following material:

Reading 1
Issues of individuality and education

Reading 2
Crane & Hannibal
  • pp. 53 - 56 (intelligence)
  • pp. 13 - 14 (Dweck's study), also look at Dweck's page

Reading 3
Eysenck, Key topics in A2 Psychology pages 133 - 143 (Developmental Psychology: cognitive development)



Consider: new constructs of intelligence

DISCUSSION AND EVALUATION
Practice Questions
  1. With reference to one psychological construct (intelligence, love, depression, fear, anxiety) explain the relative influence of inherited and environmental factors upon human development.
  2. Outline one basic assumption on which the biological perspective is based and choose one study that demonstrates how that assumption supports a biological explanation of human behaviour.


Topic 3: Animal Research


  1. Review your earlier handout (from last year) on the use of non-human animals and speciesism.
  2. Review all your notes on the Biological Perspective

Strengths

  • surgical procedures that would not be allowed on humans can be carried out on non-human animals
  • findings from research on non-human animals can be used to identify implications for human behavior
(identify one study for each point from your work on the biological perspective - explain how that study supports the strength)

Limitations

  • Reductionist issues
  • Ethical issues
(identify one study for each point from your work on the biological perspective - explain how that study supports the limitation - obviously you could use the same studies as the ones you used for the strengths)

DISCUSSION AND EVALUATION
Practice Question
  1. Outline one basic assumption on which the biological perspective is based. Choose and evaluate one study that demonstrates how that assumption supports a biological explanation of human behaviour.


Evaluating genetic influences on thinking, feeling and behavior


In pairs compare and contrast (see command term) the assumption that behavior has a genetic basis with one assumption from another approach (learning or cognitive)